Linux notes

get linux boxes to show hostname on windows network

Once it is installed and running, edit /etc/samba/smb.conf and put following lines in somewhere in Global Settings section:

workgroup = your_workgtoup netbios name = your_hostname

lubuntu notes (laptop)


linux video recording notes

installing chromeos

I was wondering why there was not an even amount of ram reported on linux.

Graphics is on the motherboard so it uses some memory.

Ran this:

dmesg | grep "Memory"
[    0.000000] Memory: 16069952K/16453324K available (8427K kernel code, 1285K rwdata, 3956K rodata, 1480K init, 1292K bss, 383372K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
[    0.871218] [drm] Memory usable by graphics device = 2048M
cat /proc/meminfo
free -g
dmidecode --type memory

ram memory diags

dd command for two discs with different size partitions

# dd if=/dev/sda of=/tmp/mbrsda.bak bs=512 count=1

Now to restore the image to any sdb:

# dd if=/tmp/mbrsda.bak of=/dev/sdb bs=446 count=1

Next, backup entries of the extended partitions:

# sfdisk -d /dev/sda > /tmp/backup-sda.sfdisk

512 vs 446 Bytes

Use 446 bytes to overwrite or restore your /dev/XYZ MBR boot code only with the contents of $mbr.backup.file.

Use 512 bytes to overwrite or restore your /dev/XYZ the full MBR (which contains both boot code and the drive's partition table) with the contents of $mbr.backup.file.

sfdisk Command

The sfdisk command act as a partition table manipulator for Linux. You can use this tool to list partitions too:

# sfdisk -l /dev/sda

# sfdisk -lu /dev/sda

# sfdisk -ls /dev/sda

Sample outputs:

Disk /dev/sda: 8922 cylinders, 255 heads, 63 sectors/track
Units = cylinders of 8225280 bytes, blocks of 1024 bytes, counting from 0
   Device Boot Start     End   #cyls    #blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *      0+    104-    105-    838656   83  Linux
/dev/sda2        104+    235-    131-   1048576   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3        235+   8922-   8688-  69781504   83  Linux
/dev/sda4          0       -       0          0    0  Empty


-l : List the partitions of a device.

-s : List the size of a partition.

-u or -uS or -uB or -uC or -uM : Accept or report in units of sectors (blocks, cylinders, megabytes, respecpively). The default is cylinders, at least when the geometry is known.

view docs Apache

added these lines to apache directive for


AddEncoding gzip gz 
<FilesMatch "\.gz$">
      ForceType text/plain
      Header set Content-Encoding: gzip


From the X11 app, open the terminal, and then access the remote host with:

  ssh -XC user@host

Then, when logged, simply run the command for the desired app, ex: firefox, nautilus, thunderbird, whatever…

You can even launch only the system (Ubuntu, Xubuntu, Mint, etc..) Main Menu, and interact with the remote system from there, without the need of a full graphical front-end. On a remote Linux Mint env, i simply run:


If you really need it, you can even start the remote graphical environment locally at your Mac's X11, simply running:

  etc... (depends of your remote environment)

Better than any VNC, even better than an X11VNC connection! Secured and compressed connection FTW.

mount drive - has repository from DVD set I bought in January 2017

deb [arch=amd64] file:///mnt/arch/repo/linuxmint serena main upstream import
deb [arch=amd64] file:///mnt/arch/repo/ubuntu xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb [arch=amd64] file:///mnt/arch/repo/ubuntu xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb [arch=amd64] file:///mnt/arch/repo/ubuntu xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

# deb file:///mnt/repo/repo/linuxmint serena main upstream import
# deb file:///mnt/repo/repo/ubuntu xenial main restricted universe multiverse
# deb file:///mnt/repo/repo/ubuntu xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb file:///mnt/repo/repo/ubuntu xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse


Bought new M.2 drive for trackfile machine - making some notes here about setting linux up on ti


Dell article

Modify the boot option to add “nvme_load=YES” and remove “quiet splash

grub nvme

moving to gpt (for /dev/sdd on trackfile)

another grub install article

debian efi

# Either this way…​
 mount /dev/sdd1 /mnt/boot
 mount /dev/sdd3 /mnt/boot/efi
 for i in /dev/ /dev/pts /proc /sys ; do mount -B $i /mnt/$i ; done
#or this way, both commands do the same…​
 mount /dev/sdd1 /mnt/boot
 mount /dev/sdd3 /mnt/boot/efi
 mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys
 mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc
 mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
 mount --bind /dev/pts /mnt/dev/pts
#Internet access
#For internet access inside chroot:
 cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/etc/resolv.conf

prolly can do this in fedora

2-14-18 saving debian install to

fsarchiver savefs /mnt/backup/trackfile/sdd/deb_part/sdd2.fsa /dev/sdd2

portable usb backup drive

sdd2 original size was 58.59 GB - used 16.17

  • /dev/sdd1 debian partition
  • /dev/sdd2 swap
  • /dev/sdd3 efi boot
  • /dev/sdd4 home partition fedora
  • /dev/sdd5 fedora partition

On fedora: fedora 27 docs grub

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg


5-4-18 Trying to set up efi boot on both nvme drive and /dev/sdd

sdd will be experimental distros.


getting error on nvme drive after installing ubuntu 18.04 on sdd drive

MODSIGN: Couldn't get UEFI db list

read spamless at the bottom may be able to reinstall grub on nvme and get it to stop??

its just a bug and should wait for a fix??

try reloading grub on nvme drive from grub manual

This install doesn’t conflict with standard install as long as they are in separate directories.

Note that grub-install is actually just a shell script and the real task is done by other tools such as grub-mkimage. Therefore, you may run those commands directly to install GRUB, without using grub-install. Don’t do that, however, unless you are very familiar with the internals of GRUB. Installing a boot loader on a running OS may be extremely dangerous.

On EFI systems for fixed disk install you have to mount EFI System Partition. If you mount it at /boot/efi then you don’t need any special arguments:

# grub-install
Otherwise you need to specify where your EFI System partition is mounted:

# grub-install --efi-directory=/mnt/efi

mate hosed grub


You can now reboot your computer.

Please do not forget to make your BIOS boot on nvme0n1p1/EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi file!

efi boot stuff

bios versions


Bios keeps hanging and I am reloading it via a usb thumb drive and the button on the back

I am going to try a different bios next time. Notes about bios versions. These are on flatboy as well in case I can't get to them because trackfile hangs at the splash screen.

Using 2704 now but 2304 has been renamed so should get picked up next time. 5-11-18

Version 2704 2016/08/105.6 MBytes Z97-WS Formal BIOS 2704 release. 1.Improve system stability.

Version 2403 2015/07/275.6 MBytes Z97-WS Formal BIOS 2403 release. Support Broadwell CPU Implement 5th-Generation Intel Core Processors code *Full support of the new CPU requires VGA driver version or later *Before using the 5th Gen Intel Core processors, we suggest that you use USB BIOS Flashback or download ”BIOS updater for 5th Gen Intel Core Processors”to update the BIOS.

1. Improve compatibility with some smart card reader. (Support card reader KCR-318.) 2. Improve compatibility to some DIMMs.

Version 2304 2015/03/115.57 MBytes Z97-WS Formal BIOS 2304 release 1. Fix compatibility for Genius 87 Gaming Keyboard. 2. Update ME file version to 3. Support NVMe

Version 2013 2014/12/255.49 MBytes Z97-WS Formal BIOS 2013 release 1.Update RC version to RC 2.00 2.Support Asmedia SATA Express EFI driver 3.Add exFAT support.

rename bios file to: Z97-WS Z97WS.CAP

Notes for later from live iso

look for it:

sudo lsof /var/lib/dpkg/lock

kill it:

kill -9 <PID> (get <PID> from lsof output

package manager troubleshooting